Pohja (Swedish name Pojo) is a former Finnish municipality and an old church parish which is now part of the city of Raseborg in the Uusimaa province. Pohjanpitäjä Bay was a well-known trade route to Central Finland as early as in the Bronze Age and the Viking Age. Today you’ll find many historical sights in Pohja aswell as outdoor and indoor activities, all year round.
Thea areas of Gumnäs and Klockarudden were inhabited in the Middle Ages, maybe even before that. The municipality of Pohja was founded in the early 14th century and the history of most large farms in Pohjanpitäjä Bay dates back to the 15th century or even earlier. In the parish village of Pohja and its surroundings there is a lot to see and experience. A medieval church built of stone, Kasberget’s grave from the Bronze Age, the first railway tunnel in Finland constructed for passenger traffic and the agricultural and homestead museum of Gillesgården. A historically well-known travel route goes through Pohja – Kuninkaantie (King’s Highway). Its final points are Oslo and St. Petersburg.
The Pohjanpitäjä Bay is a 9-mile-long fjord-like inlet, which splits the area of the city of Raseborg from the parish village of Pohja to the Gulf of Finland. It is a brackish water area and has one of the richest abundance of species in Finland. In the Bay there are both brackish water and freshwater fishes.
The mild climate and the rather unbuilt shores result in a versatile and rich flora and fauna, which include a lot of rare and endangered species. Many migratory birds arrive in Finland via Pohjanpitäjä Bay. In 2015 a marina for visiting boats was built in Gumnäs. Now people can come to the parish village of Pohja also by boat.
From the beginning of 2009 the municipality of Pohja and the cities of Karjaa and Ekenäs were discontinued and a new city, Raseborg, was established. At the time of this consolidation there were 4 935 inhabitants in the municipality of Pohja. It was a bilingual commune with 59 per cent of the population speaking Finnish and 37 per cent Swedish.
The birth site of the Finnish ironworks
Pohja is one of the birth sites of the Finnish metal industry. The municipality of Pohja had forests, water power and the possibility to get ore. This opened the doors for foundries in Antskog (1630), Billnäs (1641) and Fiskars (1649). The popular ironworks villages are still easy to visit nearby: Fiskars lies 3 miles away (5 kilometres), Billnäs 5 miles (8 km) and Antskog 8 miles (13 km) away.
Historical sights worth a visit
This medieval stone church is dedicated to Virgin Mary. It is situated in an old market and sacrificial site and was built approximately 1475-1480.
Gillesgården Agricultural and Homestead Museum in Skarpkulla
The museum is owned and governed by the Regional History Society of Pohja and includes a residence from the 18th century, an agricultural hall, a granary, farm labourer’s house, and a hall for vehicles and carriages. There are more than 3 800 items in the museum’s collection.
Kasberget’s grave from the Bronze Age
The grave is quite spectacular and well-preserved, 16-19 meters in diameter and about 1,7 meters in height. There is a wonderful view to the church in Pohja and to the bay.
In Påminne you can do downhill skiing at winter and when the snow has melted you can drive downhill racing cars. It’s also possible to rent bikes.
Kisakeskus is an activity centre, perfect for camp school or team building weekends. You can try everything from paddling to climbing walls, beds and a canteen.
There are two nice and well-kept golf courses in Pohja: Nordcenter and Bruksgolf.
Read the PDF-brochure about Pohja parish village with more info about sights and services (includes a map):
Article photo: Marica Mannström